Technologies that Revolutionized the Film Industry
Technologies that Revolutionized the Film Industry
When you look back at the history of film, it is full of advances that have emerged and changed the seventh art ever since both in the way it is produced and in the way in which the public has enjoyed it. The industry never stopped innovating to make better films, right from the first Lumière brothers’ projections to modern computer-generated graphic films. These innovations made some of the advances in technology that have revolutionized the history of film.
1. The Lumiere brothers
The evolution of the seventh art cannot be understood without the contribution of the Lumiere brothers. These pioneers, inventors of the cinematograph, recreated the illusion of movement. Their goal was to deceive others eyes. Lumiere brothers’ cinematography was first unveiled in 1895 at Paris in a scientific conference held in March. The official presentation was on December 28th at Grand Café Boulevard des Capucines in Paris. Thus the seventh art was officially born.
According to the journalist Yolima Andrea Díaz, the film and its advances in technology date back to representations such as the mid-sixteenth century “camera obscura”, the seventeenth century “magic lantern” or Étienne-Jules Marey’s portable chronophotography. As a result they developed 450 cinematographers and there is a monument of them in front of the National Media Museum as they were aware of business opportunity.
2. Méliès’ Moon
Although these Lumiere brothers began the history of film with the invention of the cinematograph, but the illusion of movement centre piece of the seventh art also owes much to another French filmmaker.
This director managed to produce the film “A Trip to the Moon” despite the technical precariousness of the early twentieth century. He used several techniques of superimposition of images, fading, scale models and double exposures.
Melies’ “portray” the landing of a ship in the eye of the moon is done before 67 years of Apollo 11 mission set foot on the satellite. This is a famous image that characterizes the first major science fiction film.
The Technicolor is one of the most techniques of the seventh art, and is released in 1916. Through this filmmakers were able to record films in colour. A light and colour filters beam splitter facilitated the process but, it ended up having many difficulties for the projection in theatres. The arrival of two subsequent systems improved the production of colour films.
Later with the development of the three color camera through which the industry was actually revolutionized technically. A development that made colour films made an ‘unstoppable growth’ from 1935 on.
There are some technical revolutions experienced by cinema between 20s and 30s, this includes the incorporation of coloured framed. Alan Crosland premiered his black and white picture “The Jazz Singer” in the year 1927. Later they changed the silent film, this is casted with Charles Chaplin to one in which sounds accompanied the images projected. With the introduction of Vitaphone, there is a technical breakthrough in the revolution.
Despite its precariousness, this device completely changed the industry but was soon replaced by the Movietone. This movietone was invented by Lee de Forest and marketed by Fox from 1927 on with the production of Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans. The second system allows to record audio directly on the film. This is proved as an achievement until 1939.
Two decades after these technological revolutions, film came face to face. This has remained as the biggest competitor for itself until the arrival of the Internet: Television. To counteract this Fox has developed a cinemascope, a new imaging system. This device takes an image and compresses it to a normal size with in a normal frame. With this invention, it inaugurated a new era in film.
The work of animation came into existence in the recent years, and this has to be highlighted in the recent film innovations. Disney has played a major role in these advances. Walt popularly known as the genius of animation introduced a technique that would be emulated by many other producers of his time. Walt Disney began the golden age of animated films with the release of “Steamboat Willie” in 1927. In this film Mickey mouse became a multinational star till today.
As a potential for the filmmaking sector he gave importance to animation, he wanted to go much further in the techniques employed. The method, known as sound cartoon, allowed synchronizing cartoons and sounds, as perfectly shown in the scene of the smoke coming out of the boat that a primitive Mickey Mouse sailed.
7. The Pixar Era
From the applications of computer graphics like Disney, the Pixar has highlighted. The first work in which the company used computing was the famous Beauty and the Beast. The first work in which the company used computing was the famous Beauty and the Beast.
Among the examples of technical innovation that takes place at Disney Research, the smoke effect, facial geometry modeling’s are to be highlighted. The research centers are located in the United States and Switzerland.
Pixar was a symbol of animated films as it is the beginning with premieres like Toy Story, Monsters Inc. and Cars. The chroma has a capacity to capture background and character or object separately, and then it uses 3D animation, for the digitalization of the image and computer generated graphics; three technical advances that have helped produce amazing films such as The Matrix, The Lord of the Rings, 300 or Avatar.
So with this focus in revolution, these innovations in this industry will never stop. A new era of film seems to relate to facial recognition and it is being started, apart from Disney and Pixar. The new developments and the inventions in the industry show that it has the RDI formula in its DNA. Let’s hope that this will offer new possibilities for future releases.